Constructivism approach is when the learner constructs and
creates ideas from tools given to them.
This theory has come from Vygotsky in the early 20th
This gives learners the opportunity to draw onto and build
on their previous knowledge and experiences they already have. In a
constructive environment learners would be seeing learning interactively and
working together in a group using manipulative materials. The opposite would be
a classroom environment that continually relies on textbooks, students working
alone and teacher’s passively feeding information.
Tasks should be meaningful (based in the real world, different cultures, different environments and different
interests), hands-on, full of discussions, full of visual aids, have opportunities
to explore and experiment.
I think having a constructivist approach to teaching is the
way I would go in my classroom. From my own experience as a student, I learn
more by discovering things for myself. This approach focuses a lot on having
social interactions with people around us – “social constructivism”. We’ve said
this in class a few times, that 2 brains is better than 1. Sharing ideas, discussing
and getting other peoples opinion broadens our mind to higher possibilities and
deepens our own knowledge about things around us.
I also think though that learners should be guided a little,
in case they are not sure about what they are supposed to be doing/achieving.
This may cause them to get side tracked and lose confidence. `
Working in a constructive environment supports a variety of
learning styles of learners. Teachers should make sure that they provide enough
meaningful activities for learners to
have opportunities to complete tasks effectively. Both the teacher and the
learners need to be creative because that’s what a constructive environment is.
Having opportunities to be in a collaborative environment, further pushes everyone
to bring ideas together to create new ones.
Atherton, J. S. (2011). Learning and Teaching. Retrieved April 12, 2011, from http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:KsvcsJVv2zEJ:www.learningandteaching.info/learning/constructivism.htm+social+constructivism&cd=7&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=au&source=www.google.com.au
Videos and Images:
Constructivism. (2010). Retrieved April 13, 2011, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J1Evd_Ufowg